All of the notes below have been updated to match the CIE IGCSE Business Studies (0450) syllabus for examinations in 2020, 2021 and 2022.


1. Understanding Business Activity

1.1 – Business Activity

1.2 – Classification of Businesses

1.3 – Enterprise, Business Growth and Size

1.4 – Types of Business Organizations

1.5 – Business Objectives and Stakeholder Objectives

2. People in Business

2.1 – Motivating Workers

2.2 – Organisation and Management

2.3 – Recruitment, Selection and Training of Workers

2.4 – Internal and External Communication

3. Marketing

3.1 – Marketing, Competition and the Customer

3.2 – Market Research

3.3 – Marketing Mix

3.4 – Marketing Strategy

4. Operations Management

4.1 – Production of Goods and Services

4.2 – Costs, Scale of Production and Break-even Analysis

4.3 – Achieving Quality Production

4.4 – Location Decisions

5. Financial Information and Decisions

5.1 – Business Finance: Needs and Sources

5.2 – Cash Flow Forecasting and Working Capital

5.3 – Income Statements

5.4 – Statement of Financial Position

5.5 – Analysis of Accounts

6. External Influences on Business Activity

6.1 – Economic Issues

6.2 – Environmental and Ethical Issues

6.3 – Business and the International Economy


25 thoughts on “Business Studies – 0450

    1. This is the IGCSE syllabus, not O Level exactly (although they’re very similar). These are revision notes, so please only use these for revisions once you’ve read the coursebook and/or attended classes. Also please practice past papers using their marking schemes – this is the single most useful thing you can do in preparation for exams.


  1. I love your notes a lot, thanks a bunch. They really help me in improving and expanding my business knowledges, your efforts are greatly appreciated by me c:

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you so much for your kind words!!
      However, I am afraid we as a team do not currently have the time to create A levels notes, as we are all students too.


    1. Glad we could be of help! As for History, none of us at IGCSE AID have studied it and thus are not qualified to write notes for it. Sorry! I’m sure there are plenty of other sites offering History notes. Alas, I’m not familiar with any.


    1. We may consider it as a future project, but unfortunately we’re all super busy right now. However, there are plenty of sites providing A-level notes; I suggest: znotes, cienotes and dineshbakshi.
      For AS-Level English, our friend Iman has made a helpful site:
      Hope they help, and good luck!


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